Eager to visit the 16th century fortress in Pakistan, the Rohtas Fort of Jhelum, eventually became a reality in April 2018. The weather was extremely warm on the day of our visit, but we were mesmerized by the beauty and architecture of the Fort.
In the 16th century in North of Pakistan, Province of Punjab, Rohtas Fort was built at a tactical location. (whc.unesco.org). The fortress was built throughout the governing of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 and 1548 in order to assist conquer the insurgent groups of the Potohar area of northern Punjab, which were faithful to the Mughal crown. It is stated that, the Fort is the only biggest and most intimidating in the subcontinent. Rohtas Fort has survived extraordinary intact, and was not at all stormed forcefully. (Wikipedia)
The Fort is recognised for its huge defensive walls, and numerous monumental gateways. The height of the external wall differs between 10 and 13 metres. The walls hold up to 3 terraces located at various levels. Every level was joined to the other via a staircase. It states that, merlon-shaped battlements are on the highest terrace, which muskets could be fired, and soldiers would pour molten lead. (Wikipedia)
Sher Shah Suri (1486-1545), was the founder of Suri Empire in the northern area of Indian subcontinent. He was born as Farid Khan Lodhi, and died on 22 May 1545, aged 58-59. Sher Shah powered the Mughal Empire in 1538. Initially he served as a private then became a commander in the Mughal army under Babur, followed by the governor of Bihar. In 1537, Sher Shah occupied the state of Bengal and acknowledged the Suri dynasty. An excellent strategist, Sher Shah demonstrated himself as a talented administrator and a competent general. The reorganization of the empire set the basis for the future Mughal emperors, in particular Akbar, son of Humayun. (Wikipedia)
Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar was the third Mughal emperor, who reigned from 1556 to 1605. He was also known as Badshah of Mughal Empire and Akbar the Great. Akbar superseded his father, Humayan, under a regent, Bairam Khan, who supported him to enlarge and strengthen Mughal territory in India. (Wikipedia)
The domed tower is the only surviving example of Hindu architecture amongst the fort, which is named after one of Akbar’s prominent generals. (https://www.tribune.com.pk)
Man Singh, known as Raja Man Singh I (21 December 1550 – 6 July 1614) was the kachwaha Rajput Raja of Amer, a nation eventually known as Jaipur in Rajputana. He was one of Emperor Akbar’s devoted generals, who was included amongst the Navaratnas, or the nine (nava) gems (ratna) of the royal bench.(Wikipedia). The Haveli (mansion) of Man Singh, also known as Rani Mahal (Queens palace) at the Rohtas Fort only survived one room, when initially it consisted of four rooms. The room is remarkable for its two balconies on the southern and eastern frontages, and is approximately 5.5 meters square. The prime chamber is covered with a lotus shaped ornament on the roof.(https://www.orientalarchitecture.com)