Egypt Palm Trees

By RazPhotos

The beautiful palm tree’s of Egypt, blossoming below the clear blue sky.

The shadow lies on the sandy grounds, of Hughada.

The warmth of the sun, slight breeze brushing through the branches.

I watch and capture, the moment of heavenly serenity.

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Blushing Sunset

Driving on the roads of Pakistan, with an evening breeze in October.

Green trees standing on the left, sun is setting in the clouds of blue sky.

Motorbikes riding on the road, along with a car driving in front of us.

A few clicks on the camera of my phone, outstanding results can now be observed.

Darkness I come!

By RazPhotos


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The magnificent view of two trees, half full of singing birds. Darkness covers premises around, glimpse of street lights glow further on.

The different shades of blue colour sky, soon to end with a goodnight bye.

Further away fades the pinkish sky, narrowing the light over your roof tops. The stars begin to shine over you, sweet dreams until the next view.

February Blues!

By RazPhotos


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The attractive view of February 25th, on a City of United Kingdom. The warm breeze, in a mixture of wintry naked trees. Clear blue summer sky and faint lines of white clouds.

By RazPhotos

Closer we get leaving the bright blue sky, the city is enlightened by pinkish skies and warm breeze. The silent birds nowhere to be seen, and loud planes not to be heard. Outstanding still, the picture is covered of many features.

Tourism Products and Services

Tangible and Untangible Elements


The Travel Book: A Journey Through Every Country in the World (Lonely Planet)

1. It is defined that tourism service is made up of tangible and intangible elements. Tangible services in tourism appeal to historical and natural values. Infrastructure and superstructure are also tangible, which shall be defined later.

Tangible services may require meeting certain minimum standards, be evaluated and calculated. On the other hand, intangible services cannot be measured or evaluated. It is stated that intangible factors give tourist elements the life, enjoyment and shine. They unite together with its friendliness and warmth to maintain the environment of the location. The welcoming approach it delivers is not measurable.

Contentment cannot be guaranteed through tangible factors, no matter how good they are. It is stated that it hugely depends on the location, how the tourists will react and feel towards it. Every experience and event tourists pass through need to be synchronized, for the pleasure and wellness.

It states that it all depends on the togetherness and closeness of people, for the approval of the entire product. It further adds, sometimes transport is required to reach a destination, and that is considered as a product. Other times, transportation is not available, but still it is casted as tourism.

2. The definition of tourism product is total physical and psychological pleasure, given to the tourists whilst travelling to their destination. It is stated that the tourist product concentrates on the services and facilities made for the needs of the tourists. (Bieap.gov.in>pdf>)

Tourism product is produced by services, facilities and attractions used or visited whilst on stay. Tourism product can also be defined as, what the tourists experience and what is happening at the time. (The Tourism Products & Services)

The category of tourism product falls into two areas. Firstly, resources that cannot already be produced, or attached. For example, historic, natural or cultural. Secondly, elements that can be copied, are in existence, further changes have made or made better. It is stated that climate and natural attractions, such as mountains or picturesque lakes, cannot be changed or duplicated. (The Tourism Products & Services)

Many examples of the historical characteristics and culture which cannot be reproduced, for example, as it is stated in (The Tourism Products & Services), ‘Mona Lisa’ by Leonardo da Vinci, Notre Dame, the Palace of Versailles and the Balzac’s House in France is already in existence. These cannot be replaced or copied, as they can only be offered by France. France has many more attractions which possess cultural and historical importance. It also states that, it is not possible to make duplicates of structures like the Angkor Wat in Cambodia, Taj Mahal in India or Borobudur in Indonesia. Naturally infrastructure of tourism and its superstructure can be progressed.

3Tourism infrastructure is the foundation that makes the superstructure. The definition of tourism infrastructure comprises of drainage, sewerage system, water supply, airports, electricity and roads. It states in (Panasiuk A.,2007), that tourism infrastructure is a variety of products and centres comprising material and organizational foundation for tourism development. It is made up of four basic components: accommodation facilities, accompanying facilities, food and beverage facilities and communication facilities.

The definition of superstructure as stated on the (internet), is a structure built on top of something else. It’s a part of a building above its foundation. Basically, the foundation here is referring to tourism infrastructure. As stated in (The Tourism Products & Services), superstructure is made up of a complete range of tourist systems and facilities, such as hotels, restaurants and accommodation units.

4. Before, defining cluster concept in tourism, I will give a brief definition of cluster. As stated in (MOVE IT EMAS easy!), according to C. Ketel’s, a cluster is “a group of companies and institutions co-located in a particular geographic area and associated by interdependencies in supplying a linked group of services and or products”. It also states that, due to the closeness of geography and activities, cluster members are motivated by different kinds of externalities, particularly to their area. For example, having access to specialise in labour markets and suppliers, and the pressure to reach high economic performance, due to the competitiveness. It is also stated that clusters share four critical characteristics, which are:

Proximity: companies are required to be adequately near in space to permit any affirmative spill-overs and to share common resources when occurred.

Linkages: to gain profit from proximity and interaction, they require to share final market demand.

Interactions: a level of active interaction must be present, to take positive cluster in effect.

Critical mass: adequate sum of participants is required to gain significant contact on companies’ actions.

The cluster concept as stated in (The Tourism Products & Services), that any kind of destination with tourism potential will integrate in a “cohesive geo-spatial framework”, an outstanding scope and variety of equivalent tourism benefits. It is also stated that the destination will determine the exact type of attractions, resources and services close to proximity of one another. There is the core product as well as the optional or marginal product.

The main product consists of suitable kinds of accommodations, tourist attractions, recreational services and places to eat. The marginal products join to this by supplying other tourist attractions in a form of incompatible beautiful natural scenery, entertainment, amusement, leisure, shopping, and recreational conferences. It is stated that, an immaculate destination is symbolized by a mixture of all the above elements.

5. Before explaining what are resort complexes, I shall give the definition of resort. It is stated in (Wikipedia) that the phrase resort could be applied for a hotel property that supplies a range of facilities, usually containing recreational and entertainment activities. Moreover, some resorts are condominium complexes which are timeshare or owned by a fraction or a whole condominium. (Wikipedia)

Tourism groups are established by carefully considered incorporated resort buildings. It is stated that, the visitors are placed in one location, they reduce the infrastructural requirements, and various accommodation units and hotels are made easier, and put together in an orderly manner. The right assistance, similar services and amenities are balanced out through this process. If a
building needs sufficient quantity of land, it requires to be bought at a moderate price, due to certain lands being of moderately short density organisations. (The Tourism Product and Services)

From a business perspective resorts of these kinds represent a highly ranked merchandise. They supply a good lay-out, and are properly arranged with an attractive neighbouring scenery. It is stated that the governments might form institutional companies at the beginning of this task, by organising this type of activity.

It is stated that the government may already own the land, or maybe get it for the required institutions. Companies take over the land, then they master a scheme, borrow money to create the needed infrastructure, and inspire local and foreign investors to form the required subordinate institution. (The Tourism Products and Services)

It is narrated that all-comprehensive resorts of this sort, are saleable and attractive. The likelihood of disturbance caused by more scattered types of tourism, can be prevented by focussing on the set locations. An example of certain resorts are, Nusa Dua in Bali, and Cancun in Mexico. (The Tourism Products and Services)

Reference Source:

Wikipedia

The Tourism Products & Services, Unit-2

Bieap.gov.in>pdf>

Panasiuk A, 200

Who am I?

By RazPhotos


The Corner Shop in Cockleberry Bay: The book everyone is talking about now!

Hiding away in the naked tree amongst the clear blue sky and pinkish clouds. Any idea what can be hidden through the branches, of the lofty tree?

By RazPhotos

A glimpse of shine above the crispy leaves of tall trees. Have you guessed the hidden truth?

By RazPhotos

The picture is complete by the shining full moon. Although the dangling cable wires are not related, they surely connect to these houses. It’s a beautiful scenery, full of compliments.

Photography Skills

By RazPhoto

In the clear blue sky and broken clouds, spot a black dot across the tree.

By RazPhotos

When zoomed in, a plane can be seen jetting away.

By RazPhotos

During sunset the moon is shining through the clear blue sky, above the naked trees.

By RazPhotos

The naked tree with branches and twigs, birds make a nest for comfort and warmth.

By RazPhotos

On a beautiful evening the bus is approaching on a not so busy road.

The beauty was captured whilst waiting at the traffic lights!

By RazPhotos


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On the evening of Sunday, driving past a dual carriageway, I witnessed the magnificent beauty of nature.

Approaching sunset with clear sky and smoky clouds, anticipated to stop at traffic lights and capture the outstanding view.

The thought was wondering in my head when suddenly the lights turned red. Relieved with joy, I pulled out my phone and clicked the most significant scenery.

By RazPhotos


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As much as I love and admire nature, all praise be to the almighty, the creator of such creation.

The beauty of nature!

Whenever I see any moment of outstanding beauty, it gets captured on my phone. Observing the clouds formed into many shapes, and shades obliges me to further praise the almighty. The creation of the creator is just beautiful.
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Concealed behind the dark smoky clouds is the reserved shining sun, reflecting it’s light to the further clouds that seem like mountains full of snow.

Between the clouds is placed the bright blue sky, that gives its breeze to those bare trees below.

The landscape could be perceived through the bare trees opposite the house.

Viewing the right over the fence of school, grass is considered to be refreshing and green. However, rusty-brown leaves can be noticed piled down the slope of grass, alongside the lamp-post.
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Hope you enjoyed reading my thoughts of beauty of the nature. Looking at the picture in detail it reveals several concepts of scenery.

 

Special Interest Holidays

Many names have been used to describe different kinds of leisure tourism where the main reason is not just to relax and rest, the way many people see it as being the prime reason of a holiday.

Other than visiting attractions and relaxing, families and single or groups of travellers can participate in several tourist activities.

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These can be separated into three wide categories as following:

  • Special interest holidays;
  • Activity holidays; and
  • Sports tourism

A special interest holiday is a holiday spent doing a particular activity during the time of vacation. People who share same interests of the tourist would also be involved in the activity.

The following could be included in special interest holidays:

  • Cooking;
  • Photography;
  • Bird watching;
  • Fishing; and
  • Religious/pilgrimages

Above list holds a scale of special interest holidays that are accessible. Additionally, main part of the time should be occupied by the major activity. People taking photographs during holidays does not make the holiday a special interest holiday.

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On a special interest holiday all activities are organised, with a plan, based on a day-to-day timetable. For instance, group of travellers on a bird watching holiday, could be visiting different sites each day to find a particular kind of bird.

Majority of time the group would participate in a certain activity connected to their interest, however, at some point they will visit attractions and relax. However, a particular issue does arise of special interest holidays, in order to please everyone, there must be a balance across the major interest of the group and other things that would be undertaken. Importantly, family members and partners of the group on holiday need looking after too.

Source:

Unit 1 – An Introduction to Travel and Tourism

Welcome snow!

Moon filter caption by RazPhotos

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The effects of photography are just immense, moon filter is awesome. However natural effects are on another level!
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Original caption by RazPhotos

It makes a huge difference in the appearance of the photograph when taken from outside compared to inside.

Used a Samsung 7 for the amazing shots.

Self-Packaged Holidays

Although package holidays are quite popular, alot of people today do not purchase them from a travel agent or tour operator, but rather make their own plans. This is named as self-packaging. It refers to the procedure of booking a holiday by purchasing flights and accommodation as singular products, and making a package in the manner a tour operator would.

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Individual items can be purchased through a travel agent, but these are highly made online. This procedure is called independent travel that requires passengers to make direct bookings with the airlines and accommodation suppliers. However, this does not indicate people are travelling independently.

It has been stated that, the growing number of independent holidays is based on the following reasons:

  • Travellers may have previously visited the countries, and now feel more confident;
  • Travellers don’t feel the items provided by travel agents met their exact needs, or may have experienced something negative about package holidays in the past;
  • Tourists are happy to arrange a journey based on what they specifically want to do, see and visit, rather buy a holiday that is not according to their requirements;
  • People who have properties abroad or visit relatives and friends only need to book flights, as other parts of the journey have been organised;
  • Travellers can obtain information on destinations they want to visit through websites and guide books. There is a large variety of guide books available. Reports and advice on accommodation and other items are more widespread online;
  • Lastly, the internet has most importantly made it feasible to book reservations online, instead of being obligated to use services of the tour operator. It also provides independent tourists information they need and ways to book and pay for the accommodation and flights online.

SOURCE:

Unit-1 Introduction to Travel and Tourism

‘Private Jet’ experience is also open to RyanAir passengers at Manchester Airport


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Manchester Airport has promised – “Buy RyanAir, fly private”, as it disclosed proposals for an exclusive terminal.

The third busiest airport of Britain, Manchester Airport is organising an experiment named PremiAir. Passengers shall be able to circumvent hectic public zones of the existing terminals.

Passengers will be able to park in a safe area, check-in their baggage, stay in a private lounge and get through a committed security channel.

Just before departure passengers will be driven direct to their plane in a personnal car transfer.

Premium passengers travelling on long-haul airlines such as, Cathay Pacific, Emirates and Singapore Airlines can benefit from this service. However, short-haul airlines such as RyanAir to Dublin and easyJet to Alicante can also use it.
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Inbound passengers are also welcome, who shall be greeted at the airport steps by a private car and taken to the PremiAir service for quick-track passport processing. They shall then wait in the lounge until their baggage is retrieved and fetched to them.

The new service will be situated next to the Runway Visitor Park, away from the existing terminals. The expected opening is in “mid-2019”, just in time for the peak summer period.

The less mobile and wealthy passengers may be interested in this service. The airport asserts: “The total walking distance from arriving at the terminal to the aircraft door will be under 20 metres.”

Chief executive, Andrew Harrison, airport facilities for Manchester Airports Group, stated: “We hope the services it will offer will appeal to a wide range of passengers, whether they are travelling for business, want to mark a special occasion or just want to add something different to their experience.”

He also added, that it could be extended to the group’s other airlines, East Midland and Stansted.

Director of operations Ross Powell, for the designer, Jacobs, stated: “We have worked hard to create a simple yet elegant design, utilising natural materials, full height glass and visual connection to the airfield to offer the guest a warm, relaxing and personalised environment.” (Independent.co.uk)

Manchester Airport states: “No other major airport in the UK offers an accessible private terminal option for passengers on a ‘pay as you use’ basis.

“Such facilities are often restricted to business class and first class passengers or certain airlines, typically at significant additional cost.” (Independent.co.uk)

However, Heathrow Airport has had a VIP facility situated at Windsor Suite, for several years.

Only business and first class passengers are allowed to use “Heathrow VIP”, costing £3,300 for a maximum of three people.

Potential clients were told by the airport that: “Paparazzi are not allowed in the secure area of our suites and photography of any kind is not allowed at Heathrow without a permit.” However it cautions: “We cannot guarantee long distance photographs will not be taken”. (Indepentent.co.uk)

SOURCE:

https://www.independent.co.uk

Seven senior PAF officers are appointed by PIA ‘to face targets’

According to Tribune an announcement was made on Wednesday that Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) will be posting seven experienced officers of Pakistan Army Force (PAF) at distinct levels for the national flag carrier.

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Four officers are appointed to PIA CEO Air Marshal Arshad Malik, stated Mashood Tajwar a spokesman of PIA.

He also added, three remaining officers will be working with PIA on different positions.

From air marshal posts to flight lieutenant officers shall be appointed.

Stated by sources, the targets set by the government will be met by this movement in order to cut the losses suffered by PIA.

Members also stated, the decision made was to guide the extremely out of money airline into right way.

The CEO of PIA will originally perform duties as acting head, and included are other officers such as Air Vice Marshal Subhan Nazir Syed, Air Vice Marshal Noor Abbas and Air Commodore Khalidur Rehman.

The appointed officers will serve between one and three years, and supervise procession engineering, chief executive secretariat and information technology.

Furthermore, in order to better the airline’s performance, duties of budgeting, food services, PAC projects, finance and the HR department have also been given to the officers.

Source:

https://tribune.com.pk

Package Holidays (Part 3)

Disadvantages of Package Holidays

When the initial package holidays were introduced 50 years ago, majority of standard people had not travelled to foreign destinations, but rather spent their holidays within the United Kingdom, where good weather was not guaranteed. Package holidays offered a genuine substitute to the habitual British seaside vacation.

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Since situations have altered during the years, several disadvantages have been recognised such as the following:
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  1. Package holiday – mass market destinations grew to connect with negative influence of tourism, such as bad behaviour and crime.
  2. People are not willing to lie in the sun for long periods of time, since the growing awareness of ‘dangers of skin cancer’.
  3. Majority of people want to break free from the crowds of busy beaches, where they don’t feel comfortable sitting around.
  4. In order to fill an aircraft, the tour operators offer only restricted option of flights and departure times.
  5. People became confused about the prices quoted in brochures, since tour operators started charging extras.
  6. On certain occasions, people were disappointed with the standard of food and accommodation offered.
  7. Many people became self-assured travellers and were not keen on being ‘organised’ by the convenience of tour operator’s schedules.

SOURCE:

Unit – 1 An Introduction to Travel & Tourism